Journal of Pain, Headache and Vertigo https://jphv.ub.ac.id/index.php/jphv <p>JPHV - Journal of Pain, Headache and Vertigo is a <strong>peer-reviewed</strong> and <strong>open access journal</strong> that focuses on promoting pain, headache and vertigo. This journal publishes <strong>original articles</strong>, <strong>reviews</strong>, and also interesting <strong>case reports</strong>. JPHV - Journal of Pain, Headache and Vertigo is an international scientific journal, published twice a year by PERDOSSI (Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Saraf Indonesia Cabang Malang) - Indonesian Neurological Association Branch of Malang cooperated with Neurology Residency Program, Faculty of Medicine Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia. Subjects suitable for publication include: Pain, Headache and Vertigo.</p> en-US Journal of Pain, Headache and Vertigo 2723-3979 <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a><br /><span>This work is licensed under a </span><br /><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License</a> CLUSTER HEADACHE https://jphv.ub.ac.id/index.php/jphv/article/view/240 <p>Cluster headache (CH) is a trigeminal autonomic cephalgia characterized by attacks of severe unilateral headache accompanied by ipsilateral autonomic symptoms. The prevalence of cluster headache in the overall population is 1 in every 1000 people. The exact etiology of cluster headache remains unclear. However, it is thought that there is a connection between the trigeminovascular system, parasympathetic nerve fibers involved in trigeminal autonomic reflexes, and the hypothalamus. Treatment of CH has three stages, namely: abortive, transitional, and preventive. Cluster headaches tend to subside with age with less frequent attacks and longer periods of remission between attacks.</p> Michelle Anisa Shahdevi Nandar Kurniawan Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Pain, Headache and Vertigo http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-08-24 2022-08-24 3 2 29 34 10.21776/ub.jphv.2022.003.02.1 CLASSICAL MIGRAINE https://jphv.ub.ac.id/index.php/jphv/article/view/241 <p>A classic migraine is a recurrent attack of visual, sensory, or other central nervous system symptoms that are unilateral and last several minutes, followed or not followed by a migraine attack. Migraine commonly occurs in 19% of women and 11% of men worldwide, with 20% of sufferers experiencing classic migraine. The etiopathophysiology of classical migraine is not known with certainty, but vascular, neurological, and genetic dysfunction are suspected to be the cause. Classical migraine pathophysiology is associated with the theory of cortical spreading depression, which can explain the process of aura. There are four phases in classical migraine, namely prodromal, aura, headache, and prodromal phases, each of which has its own symptoms. This is the basis for the diagnosis of migraine, which is established based on the history and physical examination. Migraine therapy includes preventive therapy (lifestyle changes and prophylactic administration) as well as abortive therapy (administration of specific and non-specific drugs).</p> Shahdevi Nandar Kurniawan Dyah Kusuma Wardhani Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Pain, Headache and Vertigo http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 3 2 35 40 10.21776/ub.jphv.2022.003.02.2 TENSION TYPE HEADACHE (TTH) https://jphv.ub.ac.id/index.php/jphv/article/view/242 <p>Tension Type Headache (TTH) is the most common type of headache in all age groups worldwide. Because of its high prevalence and possible association with medical and psychiatric comorbidities, TTH has a large socioeconomic impact. TTH is the type of headache that most patients suffer from, ranging from mild to severe pain that reduces their ability to carry out daily activities. TTH can be classified into an episodic tension-type headache (ETTH) and chronic tension-type headache (CTTH). The lifetime prevalence of TTH is high (78%). Approximately 24% to 37% experience TTH several times a month, 10% experience weekly and 2% to 3% of the population have chronic TTH disease. TTH treatment is carried out with pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches.</p> Auliya Nur Muthmainnina Shahdevi Nandar Kurniawan Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Pain, Headache and Vertigo http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-08-29 2022-08-29 3 2 41 44 10.21776/ub.jphv.2022.003.02.3 PERSISTENT HEADACHE AFTER CEREBELLUM HEMORRHAGE STROKE https://jphv.ub.ac.id/index.php/jphv/article/view/244 <p>Cerebrovascular disease is the number one cause of epilepsy in the elderly population. Headaches are relatively common in patients with cerebrovascular disorders. The frequency of stroke-related headaches ranges from 7% to 65% with different types of headaches. The prevalence of persistent post-stroke headaches from 7-23%, with follow-up times ranging from 3 months to 3 years after stroke. Persistent headache in the population was associated with high depression and fatigue scores and significantly impacted returning to work. Most headaches at stroke onset will resolve, persistent headaches are a real entity even years after the stroke. The mechanism that might explain the relationship between headache and hemorrhagic stroke is still unclear, including changes in blood vessel walls supported by endothelial dysfunction in migraine sufferers as well as comorbid vascular risk factors such as arterial hypertension or platelet dysfunction. Headache after stroke intracerebral hemorrhage is believed to be the result of vasoconstriction that causes ischemia of the vessel wall.</p> Nata Sanjaya Shahdevi Nandar Kurniawan Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Pain, Headache and Vertigo http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-08-28 2022-08-28 3 2 44 49 10.21776/ub.jphv.2022.003.02.4